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Showing posts with label Pre-Inter Grammar. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Pre-Inter Grammar. Show all posts

Monday, June 16, 2014

Stative Verbs

A stative verb expresses a state rather than an action. They often describe states that last for some time.  The simple tense is used for stative verbs.  These verbs are usually related to emotions, senses, relationships, thoughts, measurements and states of being. They are not usually used with –ing when in the progressive continuous.  These are not used in continuous tenses (like the present or future continuous). 

Examples:


CORRECT
INCORRECT
I believe I got first prize.
I am believing I got first prize.
They know how to ski.
They are knowing how to ski.
He hates television.
He is hating television.
She owns a BMW.
She is owning a BMW.
It tastes sour.
It be tasting sour.


Some verbs can be used as both stative and dynamic:
STATIVE
DYNAMIC
Have

have (stative) = own

I have a phone.
have (dynamic) = part of an expression

I'm having a good time / a coffee / a party / a bath.
Be

be is usually a stative verb, but when it is used in the continuous it means 'behaving' or 'acting'

you are silly = it's part of your personality

you are being silly = only now, not usually
See

see (stative) = see with your eyes / understand

I see what you mean.
I see him now, he's having lunch.
see (dynamic) = meet / have a relationship with

I've been seeing my a doctor for awhile now.
I'm seeing my classmates tomorrow.
Taste

taste (stative) = has a certain taste

The cake tastes great.
This lemon tastes sour.
taste (dynamic) = the action of tasting

The chef is tasting the lobster.
Think

think (stative) = have an opinion

I think that Ronaldo is great.
think (dynamic) = consider, have in my head

What are you thinking about? I'm thinking about my exam.

Stative Verb List

Sunday, June 15, 2014

Permission with may, can, could, would / do you mind if...?


When asking for permission

Most formal 
most formal
Would you mind if

Do you mind if
least formal
May/Could/ Can

Do / Would you mind . . . ?


More PowerPoint presentations from Beth Bogage

Wednesday, March 12, 2014

Time Clauses with before, after, and when




·        A time clause explains when something happened. It begins with one of the following before, after, and when. 
·        Use a comma after the time clause.
·        We can also use these time clauses after the main clause.
·        If it comes after the main clause it doesn’t need a comma.

Before she ate, she washed her hands.
She washed her hands before she ate.

After she used the toilet, she washed her hands.
She washed her hands after she used the toilet.

When she was washing her hands, she dropped the soap.
She dropped the soap when she was washing her hands.


Here is a video on time clauses, although it focuses on the future it explains the time clauses well.

Similarity and agreement with so, too, either, neither




When we agree with something someone says:
Positive Answers Verb To Be:

Negative Answers
I am tired

I am not going to the party.
So am I

Neither am I / Neither are we
I am, too/ She is too.

I'm not either / We are not either
Me, too (casual)

Me, neither (casual)



Difference between either and neither:
Neither Sara nor Marina is going to the party. (The girls are not going to the party)

Either Sara or Marina is going to the party. (One of them will go to the party)



Agreement with other verbs:
Positive

Negative
Carolina runs fast.

Nuria doesn’t run fast.
So do I / So does he.

Neither do I.
I do, too. / Me, too. (casual)

I don’t, either.


Me, neither (casual)


agreeing: so, too, neither, either


More PowerPoint presentations from Beth Bogage

Monday, March 3, 2014

Adverbs of Manner



Adverbs of manner tell how something is done
  • Often come after a verb
    • He talked quietly.
  • Sometimes is placed before the verb to add emphasis
    • He quietly walked out the door.
  • Usually end in -ly
    • Exemptions: 
      • hard, fast, so, well
  • To know when to use an adverb of manner versus an adjective ask yourself:
    • Is it describing how someone is?
      • She is nice.
      • They were calm after the earthquake.
    • Is it describing how something was done?
      • She behaves nicely.
      • The reacted calmly to the earthquake.
The following table has some common adverbs of manner. The ones that are together can have close meaning. The ones on the Positive/Negative column can be used either in a positive or negative form.





Thursday, January 30, 2014

Giving Advice with Could, Should, Ought to, and Had Better



  • Should and Ought can be used interchangeably, they have a close meaning.
  • You might hear some people use "You better" instead of "You had better."
    • Use "You had better" it is the correct form.
  • Ought to and had better are not used in questions


Tuesday, January 21, 2014

Going to and Will

Sunday, January 12, 2014

Polite Requests

Making polite requests with Modal Verbs and mind


Sunday, October 13, 2013

Simple Present vs. Present Continuous

Formulation

Present Simple.................Present Continuous
play soccer
am playing soccer
You play
You are playing
He/She plays
He/She is playing
We play
We are playing
You play
You are playing
They play
They are playing

Use

Present Simple

...................

Present Continuous

States/Opinions:
Action in progress now:
I live in Madrid
I am currently living in Madrid
It rains a lot here.
It is raining a lot here.






Habits:
Will happen in near future
I usually get up at 8:00.
He is getting up at 8:00 tomorrow.
He always eats sandwiches.
He is eating a sandwich tonight.




Exercises

Exercise 1
Exercise 2
Exercise 3

Sunday, June 9, 2013

Tuesday, May 21, 2013

Used to in English

Used to is used to speak about situations that happened regularly in the past or that were true in the past but are not anymore.

Examples
I used to work for Intel, but I work for Apple now.

past
present
I used to buy my clothes at H&M
now I buy them at Zara.
We used to have coffee after class
now we have no time.




Question
Answer
Did
you use to park in the garage?
Yes, I did./No I didn’t.
Did
your live in Paris?
Yes, I did./No I didn’t.

Used to Explanation
Game for Practice

Wednesday, April 10, 2013

Present Perfect: for and since