Pre-Intermediate

Pre-Intermediate class syllabus and links

Youtube

Los Mejores Videos en Youtube para aprender ingles

Teaching Young Learners

Posts on the ins and outs of Teaching Young Learners

Monday, June 16, 2014

Stative Verbs

A stative verb expresses a state rather than an action. They often describe states that last for some time.  The simple tense is used for stative verbs.  These verbs are usually related to emotions, senses, relationships, thoughts, measurements and states of being. They are not usually used with –ing when in the progressive continuous.  These are not used in continuous tenses (like the present or future continuous). 

Examples:


CORRECT
INCORRECT
I believe I got first prize.
I am believing I got first prize.
They know how to ski.
They are knowing how to ski.
He hates television.
He is hating television.
She owns a BMW.
She is owning a BMW.
It tastes sour.
It be tasting sour.


Some verbs can be used as both stative and dynamic:
STATIVE
DYNAMIC
Have

have (stative) = own

I have a phone.
have (dynamic) = part of an expression

I'm having a good time / a coffee / a party / a bath.
Be

be is usually a stative verb, but when it is used in the continuous it means 'behaving' or 'acting'

you are silly = it's part of your personality

you are being silly = only now, not usually
See

see (stative) = see with your eyes / understand

I see what you mean.
I see him now, he's having lunch.
see (dynamic) = meet / have a relationship with

I've been seeing my a doctor for awhile now.
I'm seeing my classmates tomorrow.
Taste

taste (stative) = has a certain taste

The cake tastes great.
This lemon tastes sour.
taste (dynamic) = the action of tasting

The chef is tasting the lobster.
Think

think (stative) = have an opinion

I think that Ronaldo is great.
think (dynamic) = consider, have in my head

What are you thinking about? I'm thinking about my exam.

Stative Verb List

Mysteries Vocabulary




by accident
in a way that is not planned or intended
on purpose
with intention
good luck
a stroke of luck
bad luck
unnecessary and unforeseen trouble resulting from an unfortunate event
lucky
having or bringing good fortune
reunite
v. To unite or join again, as after separation.
separate
go one's own away
work out
happen in a certain way, leading to, producing, or resulting in a certain outcome, often well
coincidence
the chance occurrence, at the same time, of two or more seemingly connected events; V. coincide: happen at the same time
mystery
something that baffles understanding and cannot be explained
miss a chance
lose an opportunity
solve
find the solution to (a problem or question) or understand the meaning of
make sense
be reasonable or logical or comprehensible
investigate
to look into closely; to study in great detail
figure out
solve, understand
theory
idea that explains something and is supported by data
prove
provide evidence for
doubt
uncertainty about the truth or factuality of existence of something
mysterious
very hard to explain or understand
unlucky
having or bringing misfortune

Sunday, June 15, 2014

Permission with may, can, could, would / do you mind if...?


When asking for permission

Most formal 
most formal
Would you mind if

Do you mind if
least formal
May/Could/ Can

Do / Would you mind . . . ?


More PowerPoint presentations from Beth Bogage

Friday, March 14, 2014

Improving English Pronunciation Short Vowels Videos




You can improve your English pronunciation with practice. As they say practice makes perfect. These videos from BBC Learn English can help you work on areas of your pronunciation that you may have difficulty with.

Short Vowel A sound as in "cat"
Short Vowel E sound as in "met"
Short Vowel I sound as in "fit"
Short Vowel O sound as in "lot"

Wednesday, March 12, 2014

Time Clauses with before, after, and when




·        A time clause explains when something happened. It begins with one of the following before, after, and when. 
·        Use a comma after the time clause.
·        We can also use these time clauses after the main clause.
·        If it comes after the main clause it doesn’t need a comma.

Before she ate, she washed her hands.
She washed her hands before she ate.

After she used the toilet, she washed her hands.
She washed her hands after she used the toilet.

When she was washing her hands, she dropped the soap.
She dropped the soap when she was washing her hands.


Here is a video on time clauses, although it focuses on the future it explains the time clauses well.

Similarity and agreement with so, too, either, neither




When we agree with something someone says:
Positive Answers Verb To Be:

Negative Answers
I am tired

I am not going to the party.
So am I

Neither am I / Neither are we
I am, too/ She is too.

I'm not either / We are not either
Me, too (casual)

Me, neither (casual)



Difference between either and neither:
Neither Sara nor Marina is going to the party. (The girls are not going to the party)

Either Sara or Marina is going to the party. (One of them will go to the party)



Agreement with other verbs:
Positive

Negative
Carolina runs fast.

Nuria doesn’t run fast.
So do I / So does he.

Neither do I.
I do, too. / Me, too. (casual)

I don’t, either.


Me, neither (casual)


agreeing: so, too, neither, either


More PowerPoint presentations from Beth Bogage

Monday, March 3, 2014

Adverbs of Manner



Adverbs of manner tell how something is done
  • Often come after a verb
    • He talked quietly.
  • Sometimes is placed before the verb to add emphasis
    • He quietly walked out the door.
  • Usually end in -ly
    • Exemptions: 
      • hard, fast, so, well
  • To know when to use an adverb of manner versus an adjective ask yourself:
    • Is it describing how someone is?
      • She is nice.
      • They were calm after the earthquake.
    • Is it describing how something was done?
      • She behaves nicely.
      • The reacted calmly to the earthquake.
The following table has some common adverbs of manner. The ones that are together can have close meaning. The ones on the Positive/Negative column can be used either in a positive or negative form.





Tuesday, February 18, 2014

Storytelling Vocabulary



be based on
(N) a story that was inspired by events that actually occurred
be hooked on
(V) to be addicted to something
brave
(ADJ) willing to do things that are dangerous, and does not show fear in difficult or dangerous situations
character
(N) who a book, movie, or play is about
clever
(ADJ) someone who is intelligent and able to understand things easily or plan things well
eventually
(ADV) in the end, especially after a lot of delays, problems, or arguments
follow
(V) to keep up with the news of a particular person or group
happy ending
(N) a positive conclusion to something
incredible
(ADJ) something that is very unusual or surprising, and you cannot believe it is really true, although it may be
make up
(V) to invent a situation and describe it to others for entertainment
overcome
(V) when you successfully deal with a problem and control it
predictable
(ADJ) it is obvious in advance that it will happen
realistic
(ADJ) recognize and accept something's true nature and try to deal with it in a practical way
soap opera
(N) a television drama series about the lives and problems of a group of people
struggle
(V) try hard
survive
(V) manage to live or continue in spite of difficulties
tell a story
(V) to entertain or inform others by describing true or fictitious events
the same old story
(PHRASE) a phrase describing something that happens very often
true story
(N) events that actually occurred
TV series
(N) a set of programs of a particular kind which have the same title
uneducated
(ADJ) does not have a high standard of learning

Tuesday, February 4, 2014

Celebrations Vocabulary



Vocabulary




be held(V) to take place
contest(N) a competition or game that people try to win
first prize(N) a reward for winning a contest
race(N) a competition to see who is the fastest
root for(V) to cheer for someone or something
win(V) do better than everyone else
celebrate(V) when you do something enjoyable because of a special occasion
celebrationa joyful occasion for special festivities to mark some happy event
full(ADJ) have plenty of something, so you don?t want any more
gather(V) come together in a group
get together(V) meet as a small group
have a good time(V) to enjoy yourself
host(N) the person who has invited the guests and provides the food, drink, or entertainment at a party
host a party(V) invite guests and provide the food, drink, or entertainment
housewarminga party of people assembled to celebrate moving into a new home
invite(V) ask someone to come to a party or event
participate(N) take part in
perform(V) to play music, dance, or act in front of an audience
performeran entertainer who performs a dramatic or musical work for an audience
plan a party(V) decide in detail what you are going to do for a party before it happens
rowdypeople who are noisy, rough, and out of control
throw a partyorganize a party
nightcluba spot that is open at night that provides entertainment such as dancing, food and drink
wild(ADJ) wild behavior is uncontrolled, excited, or energetic


neitheradj.
Not one or the other; not either: Neither shoe feels comfortable.
pron.
Not either one; not the one or the other: Neither of the twins is here. Neither will do. Neither of them is incorrect.
Neither we nor they want it. She neither called nor wrote. I got neither the gift nor the card.
2. Also not: If he won't go, neither will she.
adv.
Similarly not; also not: Just as you would not, so neither would they.
eitherThe one or the other: Which movie do you want to see? Either will be fine.
conj.
Used before the first of two or more coordinates or clauses linked by or: Either we go now or we remain here forever.
adj.
1. Any one of two; one or the other: Wear either coat.
2. One and the other; each: rings on either hand.
adv.
Likewise; also. Used as an intensive following negative statements: If you don't order a dessert, I won't either.

Thursday, January 30, 2014

Giving Advice with Could, Should, Ought to, and Had Better



  • Should and Ought can be used interchangeably, they have a close meaning.
  • You might hear some people use "You better" instead of "You had better."
    • Use "You had better" it is the correct form.
  • Ought to and had better are not used in questions


Statistics and Style Trends Vocabulary


Statistics
almost(ADV) very nearly but not completely


average(N) the result that you get when you add two or more numbers together and divide the total by the number of numbers you added together


drop(V) quickly becomes less


half(N) one of two equal parts that together make up the whole


one half(N) one of two equal parts that together make up the whole


over(PREP) more than


percent(N) a fraction of an amount expressed as a particular number of hundredths


quarter(N) one of four equal parts of something


rise(N) an increase


thousands(QUAN) if you refer to thousands of things or people, you are emphasizing that there are very many of them


trend(N) a change or development toward something different


twice(ADV) when something happens two times


Style Trends
baggy(ADJ) when a piece of clothing hangs loosely on your body
external image download-2.jpg


casual(ADJ) casual clothes are ones that you normally wear at home or on vacation, and not on formal occasions


conservative(ADJ) traditional, or liking the old ways


dramatic makeup(N) lipstick, eye shadow, and powder which some women put on their faces


in style(ADJ) popular or trendy


look(N) have a particular appearance or expression


piercing(N) jewelry that penetrates the flesh


pointy shoes(N) footwear that has parts that stick out sharply
external image lrgPicture+002Webshot.jpg


retro(ADJ) based on the styles of the past


ripped jeans(N) denim pants that have holes in them and are designed to look very worn intentionally
external image ripped-jeans-10.png?w=237


skinny jeans(N) denim pants that are very narrow in the leg


sloppy(ADJ) something that has been done in a careless and lazy way


sporty(ADJ) someone who is sporty likes playing sports