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Pre-Intermediate class syllabus and links

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Teaching Young Learners

Posts on the ins and outs of Teaching Young Learners

Monday, June 16, 2014

Stative Verbs

A stative verb expresses a state rather than an action. They often describe states that last for some time.  The simple tense is used for stative verbs.  These verbs are usually related to emotions, senses, relationships, thoughts, measurements and states of being. They are not usually used with –ing when in the progressive continuous.  These are not used in continuous tenses (like the present or future continuous). 

Examples:


CORRECT
INCORRECT
I believe I got first prize.
I am believing I got first prize.
They know how to ski.
They are knowing how to ski.
He hates television.
He is hating television.
She owns a BMW.
She is owning a BMW.
It tastes sour.
It be tasting sour.


Some verbs can be used as both stative and dynamic:
STATIVE
DYNAMIC
Have

have (stative) = own

I have a phone.
have (dynamic) = part of an expression

I'm having a good time / a coffee / a party / a bath.
Be

be is usually a stative verb, but when it is used in the continuous it means 'behaving' or 'acting'

you are silly = it's part of your personality

you are being silly = only now, not usually
See

see (stative) = see with your eyes / understand

I see what you mean.
I see him now, he's having lunch.
see (dynamic) = meet / have a relationship with

I've been seeing my a doctor for awhile now.
I'm seeing my classmates tomorrow.
Taste

taste (stative) = has a certain taste

The cake tastes great.
This lemon tastes sour.
taste (dynamic) = the action of tasting

The chef is tasting the lobster.
Think

think (stative) = have an opinion

I think that Ronaldo is great.
think (dynamic) = consider, have in my head

What are you thinking about? I'm thinking about my exam.

Stative Verb List

Mysteries Vocabulary




by accident
in a way that is not planned or intended
on purpose
with intention
good luck
a stroke of luck
bad luck
unnecessary and unforeseen trouble resulting from an unfortunate event
lucky
having or bringing good fortune
reunite
v. To unite or join again, as after separation.
separate
go one's own away
work out
happen in a certain way, leading to, producing, or resulting in a certain outcome, often well
coincidence
the chance occurrence, at the same time, of two or more seemingly connected events; V. coincide: happen at the same time
mystery
something that baffles understanding and cannot be explained
miss a chance
lose an opportunity
solve
find the solution to (a problem or question) or understand the meaning of
make sense
be reasonable or logical or comprehensible
investigate
to look into closely; to study in great detail
figure out
solve, understand
theory
idea that explains something and is supported by data
prove
provide evidence for
doubt
uncertainty about the truth or factuality of existence of something
mysterious
very hard to explain or understand
unlucky
having or bringing misfortune

Sunday, June 15, 2014

Permission with may, can, could, would / do you mind if...?


When asking for permission

Most formal 
most formal
Would you mind if

Do you mind if
least formal
May/Could/ Can

Do / Would you mind . . . ?


More PowerPoint presentations from Beth Bogage

Friday, March 14, 2014

Improving English Pronunciation Short Vowels Videos




You can improve your English pronunciation with practice. As they say practice makes perfect. These videos from BBC Learn English can help you work on areas of your pronunciation that you may have difficulty with.

Short Vowel A sound as in "cat"
Short Vowel E sound as in "met"
Short Vowel I sound as in "fit"
Short Vowel O sound as in "lot"

Wednesday, March 12, 2014

Time Clauses with before, after, and when




·        A time clause explains when something happened. It begins with one of the following before, after, and when. 
·        Use a comma after the time clause.
·        We can also use these time clauses after the main clause.
·        If it comes after the main clause it doesn’t need a comma.

Before she ate, she washed her hands.
She washed her hands before she ate.

After she used the toilet, she washed her hands.
She washed her hands after she used the toilet.

When she was washing her hands, she dropped the soap.
She dropped the soap when she was washing her hands.


Here is a video on time clauses, although it focuses on the future it explains the time clauses well.

Similarity and agreement with so, too, either, neither




When we agree with something someone says:
Positive Answers Verb To Be:

Negative Answers
I am tired

I am not going to the party.
So am I

Neither am I / Neither are we
I am, too/ She is too.

I'm not either / We are not either
Me, too (casual)

Me, neither (casual)



Difference between either and neither:
Neither Sara nor Marina is going to the party. (The girls are not going to the party)

Either Sara or Marina is going to the party. (One of them will go to the party)



Agreement with other verbs:
Positive

Negative
Carolina runs fast.

Nuria doesn’t run fast.
So do I / So does he.

Neither do I.
I do, too. / Me, too. (casual)

I don’t, either.


Me, neither (casual)


agreeing: so, too, neither, either


More PowerPoint presentations from Beth Bogage

Monday, March 3, 2014

Adverbs of Manner



Adverbs of manner tell how something is done
  • Often come after a verb
    • He talked quietly.
  • Sometimes is placed before the verb to add emphasis
    • He quietly walked out the door.
  • Usually end in -ly
    • Exemptions: 
      • hard, fast, so, well
  • To know when to use an adverb of manner versus an adjective ask yourself:
    • Is it describing how someone is?
      • She is nice.
      • They were calm after the earthquake.
    • Is it describing how something was done?
      • She behaves nicely.
      • The reacted calmly to the earthquake.
The following table has some common adverbs of manner. The ones that are together can have close meaning. The ones on the Positive/Negative column can be used either in a positive or negative form.